The Definition of an Adverb

Adverbs are a part of speech that modifies other parts of language, not including nouns. They describe clauses, sentences, adjectives, and other adverbs as well.

Their purpose is to answer questions, like when, where, and how, and to what degree and in what manner. The English language has adverbs that mostly end with the suffix “-ly.” The function of answering these aforementioned questions is the adverbial function. It is not just manifested in single words such as adverbs, but also with adverbial clauses and adverbial phrases.

Adverbs as adverbials can be a sentence element. On the other hand, sentence elements can also contain an adverb.

Adverbs in the English Language

Adverbs of manner provide an answer to the question “how?” They are generally formed by adding the suffix “-ly” to adjectives. The adjective “sound” can be transformed into the adverb “soundly,” and the adjective “rare” morphs into the adverb “rarely.” However, remember that not all words ending in this suffix are adverbs since the root words of these supposed adverbs are really nouns. For instance, “-ly” at the end of words such as lovely and friendly does not make these words adverbs. Some adjectives are underived, such as “silly” and “holy,” which also end in the same “-ly” suffix.

In some cases, the suffix “-wise” may be utilized to create adverbs with nouns. In the history of the English language, the suffixes “-wise” and “-ways” used to be equally widespread, with examples such as “clockwise” and “sideways.”. In time, the first suffix gained more use. These suffixes are not a certain way of identifying a word as an adverb. Adverbs may also be made by attaching the “a-” prefix to some nouns or adjectives, such as in “astray” or “abreast.” Various English language suffixes also form adverbs from other word classes, while some adverbs cannot be defined simply by scrutinizing their form.

The “positive” is the stereotypical form that pertains to adverbs or adjectives. In formal use, English adverbs are nuanced by comparison, as is similar to adjectives. Superlative and comparative forms of most adverbs with single syllables which do not end in the suffix “-ly” are created with the suffixes “-er” and “-est.” Good examples for this include “high” (which becomes “highly”), and “fast” (which becomes “faster”). Adverbs also show comparison, with examples like as, more, least, less, and most. For more click here…

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