In this tutorial, I’m not going to discuss how we can produce writing. Rather I will focus on how you can describe a graph in IELTS Writing Task 1.
In order to understand this, you must have a basic knowledge about what the requirement of IELTS Writing Task 1 is.
1) Identify and write key ideas for key periods (for chronological graphs):
For example, you can use one of the following phrases:
a) between 1996 and 2001
b) from 1996 to 1997
c) In 1996
d) From the middle of the year 2000 to 2001
2) Select suitable vocabulary for percentages
For example, the following phrases are used in the IELTS Writing Sample mentioned above:
– reach nearly 70 percent
– peak at 80 percent
– below 50 percent
– is cited by around 40% of the population surveyed
– some people, 22%, also cite
– Just a few numbers of people, around 12%
– 40% of the people cite
– The last group, 25%, believes
3) To describe a trend, you can use:
– from 1985 to 1990, there was a steady increase
– the figure was slightly reduced
– it declined
– the figure was slightly decreased
This is an example that contains those keywords:
The pie chart shows the sales of the company based on different regions. In general, the total sale in year 2000 was 17.1 billion bottles. The area that consumed most was North America with 30.4 percent of the total volume. Next, Latin America stayed at the second position. Asia and Europe consumed 16.4 percent and 20.5 percent respectively. The lowest consumers were Middle East and Africa areas at 7 percent. The graph indicates the share price of the company between 1996 and 2001. The share price rose sharply from 1996 to 1997 and reached nearly 70 percent. In 1996, it slightly reduced to around 55 percent. The figure then went up again and peaked at 80 percent in 1998. There was a gradual drop in the share price after that. It hit the lowest point which was below 50 percent and then rose up again. From the middle of year 2000 to 2001, the share price kept reducing.
This is another example:
The number of Japanese tourists traveling abroad between 1985 and 1995 is reflected in the bar chart. Firstly, from 1985 to 1990, there was a steady increase in the number of tourists in Japan. In 1990, it reached around 11 million tourists. After that, the figure was slightly reduced to just right above 10 millions. Next, the number of Japanese tourists kept increasing from 1993 to 1995. There was a significant increase in 1995 which was more than 15 million tourists. The graph indicates the percentage of the number of Japanese tourists who come to Australia. Between 1985 and 1988, the number of Japanese tourists traveling to Australia rose sharply and reached almost 5 percent. However, in 1989, it declined to just over 4 percent. From 1989 to 1993, there was a steady increase in the Australian share of Japan’s tourist market with the maximum value of around 6 percent. In 1994, the figure was slightly decreased.